Crippling costs of war reporting and investigative journalism

by Frédéric POUCHOT / Fiachra GIBBONS / Agence France-Presse

The cost of war reporting and investigative journalism is becoming prohibitive for media outlets, campaigners have warned.

With Internet giants like Google and Facebook soaking up advertising revenue while using the content of traditional media for free, quality journalism has been caught in a double bind, experts say.

At the same time it had become more expensive and dangerous to cover conflict zones, said Jean-Francois Leroy, the head of Visa pour l’Image, one of Europe’s most important photojournalism festivals.

While many journalists were killed covering the Vietnam and Yugoslav wars, “journalists were not then actual targets. That has all changed,” he said.

A total of 50 journalists have been killed so far this year, according to RSF (Reporters Without Borders).

As well as setting out to kill reporters, insurgent groups and criminal gangs have also kidnapped them for ransom.

“It has become more and more expensive to

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