Organised crime and impunity
State institutions are failing to reign in the activities of such networks. Reporting or prosecuting these criminal activities is near impossible for officials of the judicial system, as choosing to report often means putting their job and their safety at risk.
In a study conducted by Transparencia Venezuela (TI Venezuela), some officials said that if they wanted to work on a “difficult” case, they had to keep it secret. There are no mechanisms in place to manage threats against them or their families, which puts criminal groups in a very comfortable position. It comes as no surprise that, with such weak institutions, Venezuela scores poorly on the Global Impunity Index.
The backbone of the crisis is the lack of autonomy and independence of powers. There is no separation of powers in Venezuela and independence of the different branches has been scrapped.